ASP.NET makes it fairly simple to enable security on content hosted inside of ASP.NET (ASPX pages, ASHX, etc.) just by enabling form-based authentication. Any attempt to access those pages will automatically get redirected to a login page for authentication. However, static content (HTM or HTML pages) for example aren't passed through the ASP.NET pipeline, so anyone can access that content (unless you've set-up something like Basic Authentication) - your user's aren't required to authenticate before accessing the content.
It turns out it's pretty simple to get IIS to pass requests to ASP.NET and let it handle any permissions, logging, etc. that you may want to apply - in fact, this is how ASP.NET itself hooks into IIS. The first thing you need to do is open the IIS Manager. Right-click on the website and select properties. Click on the "Home Directory" tab, then click on the Configuration button. That will display a list of application extensions and the EXE/DLL that is responsible for those filetypes. We're going to handle any files with a .HTM extension, so click on Add. In the "Executable" field enter something like "C:\WINDOWS\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\aspnet_isapi.dll" - I just copied this from the ASPX extension and pasted it in. In the extension field enter ".HTM". Leave everything else as-is and click on OK. If you want to map HTML files as well, repeat this procedure and enter ".HTML" as the extension (w/o the quotes). Hit OK to all the prompts to close the various dialogs. At this point IIS will forward requests for files with either .HTM or .HTML files to ASP.NET.
Now we need to tell ASP.NET how to handle these file types by editing the web.config file to add an HTTP handler for these types. In the system.web section, we're going to map these types to use a built-in handler called "StaticFileHandler". The web.config will look something like this:
<system.web> <httpHandlers> <add path="*.htm" verb="*" type="System.Web.StaticFileHandler" /> <add path="*.html" verb="*" type="System.Web.StaticFileHandler" />
Save the web.config. At this point requests for .HTM and .HTML will be passed through ASP.NET and it will pass the request to an instance of the StaticFileHandler class. If you have form-based security, you will automatically be redirected to log in as well before being able to view any HTM or HTML pages (assuming you've protected all pages). The main downside to pushing this through ASP.NET is that IIS can no longer handle accessing HTM/HTML pages, which will reduce the efficiency and scalability of the site. However, with most sites this isn't really much of an issue. The other issue I've noticed is that the StaticFileHandler class automatically sets the caching of the item served up to 1 day (regardless of what you've configured in IIS), and there isn't any way of overridding this behavior short of writing your own handler.
BTW - This can be used to secure other content as well, for example, PDF files, JPG's, GIF's, etc. You would just need to add an entry in IIS like we did for HTM/HTML files and make an associated entry in the web.config. In the example above I was specifically mapping each content type on an as-needed basis. I should also mention that you can also just use a wildcard mapping in IIS (option below the one we used) which will map any file types not in the first list. In that case you don't need to modify the web.config - it should be handled by the DefaultHttpHandler class (ASP.NET 2.0 and later - this isn't the case for 1.1).
If you're interesting in writing your own handler for static files, I did some searching and found this. He includes code for his own implementation of a static file handler which includes compression and caching.
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